By Paula Smith
Aude is one of the most popular departments in Languedoc
Named after the Aude River, Aude is one of the most popular departments in Languedoc. Carcassonne, sa main ville, is one of the best preserved medieval towns in Europe. Aude has a very interesting history. Giant Dinosaurs Walked This Territory Millions Of Years Ago. But the most famous story is that of the Cathars, who were brutally murdered in the 13th and 14th centuries. The area is littered with so-called Cathar castles and is nicknamed Cathar Country, Land of the Cathars. For a description of the most important of these castles, visit our page: “The Cathars”.
This city, which has two distinct parts, is a “must” absolute when you visit Languedoc.
Before the arrival of the Romans, this site was already inhabited for a long time. The Romans built their castellum in the 2nd century BC. AD. after which the first wall was erected around the fort. After the Romans, the City was a Visigoth stronghold. For a very short time, it was even taken by the Moors. It was at this time that the most famous legend of Carcassonne was born. The story of Madame Carcas, the wife of Saraceen Balaak.
“When Charlemagne stood outside the gates of Carcassonne with his troops, the army of the castle only existed of one person, Mme Carcas. She gave the illusion that there were still many men on the walls. When Charlemagne wanted to starve the castle, Dame Carcas heard On her plan, she threw a pig filled with sweet corn over the wall, tricking Charlemagne into thinking there was enough food left, and he left instead. At the place of his recovery, she blew her horn triumphantly (Carcassonne ). ”
Another story tells of the presence of solar temples or solar churches, which would have been at the origin of the name of Carcassonne (Karke Sonne). However, it is more likely that its name is based on the name of the Roman fortress, Carcasso. The connection with the temples of the sun and a possible Egyptian influence in its Celtic history is now a matter of discussion among scholars.